Legal & Policy Framework

This section consolidates resources concerning the rights of persons with disabilities on wide range of subjects ranging from Accessibility Guidelines and Policy Framework on Accessibility in India, International Covenants on Disability; National Laws and Policies on Disability, various schemes, benefits,  protocols, standards, guidelines and important legal judgements  etc.  It also captures the legal framework on  the Rights of Transgender Persons. 

We hope this will immensely help various stakeholders in their work and ensure that persons with disabilities get their due rights and entitlements. The information will also help in advocating an accessible and inclusive environment in villages, towns and cities for larger inclusion of persons with disabilities and senior citizen in society besides making the built environment safe and comfortable for other users.

Most of the resources hyperlinked below are saved in our Google Drive and when clicked will open in a new window. These can be viewed and downloaded. Their size and formats are also indicated in a bracket after each hyperlink. Some resources are, however, on external websites (another page on this website or on our sister organisation's website or on the website of Govt. agencies) and have been indicated by text 'external web-links' in a bracket immediately after the hyperlink. These may or may not be screen readers compatible. 

    1. International Covenants on Disability | विकलांगता पर अंतर्राष्ट्रीय अनुबंध 
    • UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2006,( PDF 68 KB ) ; UNCRPD in Child Friendly Language) ( PDF 122 KB )  
    • Optional Protocol to UNCRPD, 2006 ( PDF 15 KB )
    • UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1990,(PDF 113 KB );  UNCRC in Child Friendly Language) ( PDF 9 KB)
    • The United Nations Standard Rules for the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities. [External Weblink[Adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 20, 1993]
    • UN Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illness and the Improvement of Mental Health Care. [External Weblink[Adopted by General Assembly resolution 46/119 of 17 December 1991]
    • Biwako Millenium Framework.(PDF 173 KB)
    • Salamanca Statement & Framework for Action 1994.(PDF 199 KB)

    2. Indian Disability Laws and Policies | भारत में विकलांगता सम्बंधित कानून एवं नीतियाँ 
    • The Mental Healthcare Act 2017 [External Weblink HTML Version]  notified on 07 April 2017 (PDF  1271 KB, 51 pages) 
    • The Mental Healthcare (State Mental Health Authority) Rules, 2018 (External weblink HTML version)
    • The Mental Healthcare (Central Mental Health Authority and Mental Health Review Boards) Rules, 2018 (External weblink HTML Version)
    • Rights of Persons with Disabilities  Rules 2017 [External Weblinknotified on 15.06.2017
    • Enforcement Notification dated 19 April 2017 appointing 19 April 2017 as the date for enforcement of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016. (PDF ) 
    • The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 (Act 49 of 2016) (received the assent of Hon'ble President of India on 27th Dec 2016 & notified in Gazette of India on 28th Dec 2016 (1163 KB PDF) PDF Version Size 1163 KB)  (HTML Version on DRI site)
    • दिव्यांगजन अधिकार अधिनियम 2016 (2016 का अधिनियम संख्यांक 49) (27 दिसंबर 2016 को माननीय राष्ट्रपति महोदय द्वारा अनुमोदित ) (PDF 292 KB)
    • Draft Rights of Persons with Disabilities Rules, 2017 as on 03 Mar 2017 by MSJ&E, Govt. of India (PDF 460 KB )
    • The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill 2016 (Word File with tables) (passed by Rajya Sabha on 14 Dec 2016 and by Lok Sabha on 16 Dec 2016. (For a word file of the bill without tables & easy to read by screen readers, click Here.) 
    • The National Policy for Persons with Disabilities 2006 (English Version PDF 231 KB)
    • राष्ट्रीय विकलाँग जन नीति 2006 (Hindi Version PDF 281 KB)
    • The Mental Health Act - 1987 (PDF 445 KB) [stands repealed on 07 Apr 2017]
    • The National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999 (PDF 137 KB)
    • The Rehabilitation Council of India Act & Amendment Act - 2000 (PDF 196 KB)
    • The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights & Full Participation) Act 1995 & Rules 1996 (MS Word format) [stands repealed on 28 Dec 2016]
    2A. Indian Laws and Policies for Rights of Transgender Persons |  ट्रांसजेंडर व्यक्तियों के अधिकारों पर भारतीय कानून और नीतियां
    • The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act 2019 (PDF 714 KB) (HTML)
    • The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Rules, 2020 (PDF 1.4 MB)
    • Guidelines for Garima Greh - Shelter Home for Transgender Persons (2020-21) (PDF 1.2MB )
    •  Advisory for the treatment & care of Transgender persons in Prisons-10 Jan 2022. (PDF 1.5MB)
    3. Accessible India Campaign 2015 - a new Initiative on Accessibility in India सुगम्य भारत अभियान 2015 - भारत में सुगम्यता पर एक नई पहल 

    4. Accessibility Standards, Guidelines and Manuals Published by Different Ministries /Departments of Govt of India  भारत सरकार के विभिन्न मंत्रालयों एवं विभागों द्वारा जारी सुगम्यता मानक (एक्सेसिबिलिटी स्टैंडर्ड्स), दिशा-निर्देश एवं नियमावली (मैनुअल्स) 

    4A. Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MOHUA), Govt. of India : Harmonised Guidelines and Standards for Universal Accessibility in India 2021,  Aug 2022 [PDF 63.1 MB|  Weblink]

    4B. Bureau of Indian Standards: IS 17802 Accessibility for the ICT Products and Services  
    Part I  Requirements  (PDF 1.9 MB)
    Part 2 Determination of Conformance (PDF 1.1 MB)

    4C. Central Public Works Department :-
    4D. Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities:  Guidelines for Making Religious Places Accessible 2019 [Inaccessible PDF on External weblink]

    4F. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India: Accessibility Standards for Persons with Disabilities in Television Programmes, Sep 2019 [PDF 6 MB]

    4G. Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MOHUA), Govt. of India :  Harmonised Guidelines and Standards for Universal Accessibility in India 2021 Aug 2022 [PDF 63.1 MB]

    4H. National Disaster Management Authority, Min. of Home Affairs, Govt. of India: National Disaster Management Guidelines on Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction [External Weblink, leads you to PDF Document on NDMA Website]

    4J. University Grants Commission, Ministry of Education, Govt. of India:  Accessibility Guidelines and Standards for Higher Education Institutions and Universities June 2022 [PDF 9.6 MB]

    5  Subject Wise Guidelines, Policies |  विषयवार दिशानिर्देश, नीतियां

    5A. Access Guidelines: Built Environment (India) (Latest being on top)   | सुगम्यता  दिशानिर्देश: निर्मित पर्यावरण (भारत) (नवीनतम शीर्ष पर है)

    Latest Guidelines | नवीनतम दिशानिर्देश
    Older Guidelines for Reference | संदर्भ के लिए पुराने दिशानिर्देश
    5B. Access Guidelines: Transportation (India) | सुगम्यता दिशानिर्देशपरिवहन (भारत)
    • Standard for Bus Body Code [External Weblink] for transportation system [CODE  OF  PRACTICE  FOR BUS  BODY  DESIGN  AND  APPROVAL (AIS-052 (Revision 1): Aug 2008] along with Amendment No. 6  dt  15 December 2015

    5C.  Access Guidelines: ICT standards & Access Tools |  सूचना और संचार प्रौद्योगिकी - एक्सेस टूल्स/ सुगम्यता उपकरण 

    • Standards on Accessibility of ICT products and services issued by Bureau of Indian Standards, Govt. of India, (formulated by LITD 35 Sectional Committee on Assisted Living) in two parts as below:
    • Guidelines for Indian Government Websites (GIGW 2009), first edition published in 2009. [External Weblink] (prepared by NIC and adopted by DARPG (Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension,  Govt. of India.
    • Guidelines for Indian Government Websites, version 2.0 (GIGW 2019), second edition published in February 2019, An Integral Part of Central Secretariat Manual of Office Procedure [External Weblink]
    • Compliance & Certification Handbook :Guidelines for Indian Government Websites [PDF Version, Size 5.3 MB]
    • National Policy on Universal Electronics Accessibility, India [PDF Version, Size 89 KB]
    • WCAG / ISO /IEC 40500:2012 [External Weblink] Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) is developed through the W3C process in cooperation with individuals and organizations around the world, with a goal of proving a single shared standard for web content accessibility that meets the needs of individuals, organizations, and governments internationally. The WCAG documents explain how to make web content more accessible to people with disabilities. Web "content" generally refers to the information in a web page or web application, including natural information such as text, images, and sounds; code or markup that defines structure, presentation, etc. WCAG 2.0 is approved as an ISO standard: ISO/IEC 40500:2012. 
    • Requirements of Audio and Video Accessibility on the Web [External Weblink]:  This provides examples of the accessibility requirements of people with auditory, cognitive, neurological, physical, speech, or visual disabilities to access and comprehend media, including requirements for media formats and media player technologies. 
    • Amara [External Weblink]: Captions provide access to audio for individuals who are deaf who hard of hearing. You can add captions, sub-titles in to a video with Amara - a free and easy to use online platform.
    • Described and Captioned Media [External Weblink]: DCMP provides access to a large collection of accessible media and also provides guides for creating accessible content.
    • FANGS [External Weblink]: FANGS is a Firefox add-on. It generates the text that a screen reader would read, giving you a better sense of where information may be missing. 
    • National Center for Accessible Media [External Weblink]: If you want to learn more about creating accessible media, this is a wonderful collection of tools and resources.
    • NVDA [External Weblink]: NVDA is an open-source Windows-based screen reader. Reading your web pages with a screen reader can give you a better sense of how a blind user encounters your site. Mac users can also explore the built-in VoiceOver.
    • WAVE toolbar [External Weblink]: This toolbar is a Firefox add-on. It allows you to run error reports and create outlines to get a better sense of a website’s accessibility errors. This tool is helpful not only for assessing your own websites but for learning about what makes a website accessible.
      6. Misc. National/International Publications, Handbooks & Research Papers etc.  | विविध राष्ट्रीय/अंतर्राष्ट्रीय प्रकाशन, हैंडबुक और शोध पत्र आदि

      7. Subject-wise Instructions, Memorandums & Guidance   | विषयवार निर्देश, ज्ञापन और मार्गदर्शन

      7A.  Education | शिक्षा 
      o       Accessible Wash - Public Spaces and Schools: Practitioner's Manual for Making Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Accessible and Safe through improved Planning and Design (by Samarthyam) (PDF 4.57 MB)

      7B.   Employment | रोज़गार 
      o      Reservation in promotion to Persons with Benchmark Disabilities (PwBDs). issued vide DoPT Memo No. 36012/1/2020-Estt.(Res.-II) dated 17 May 2022 (PDF 658 KB)
      o     Consolidated Instructions on Reservation for the Persons with Benchmark Disabilities issued vide No. 36035/02/2017-Estt (Res) dated 15 January 2018 (PDF 523 KB)
      o      Ministry of Finance Memo on "Travelling Allowance in respect of Attendant / Escort for accompanying a Government Servant with Disabilities on travel during tour/ training" issued vide No. 19030/3/2013-E.IV dated 17 February 2015 (HTML version)
      o      Inclusiveness & Accessibility Index (2016) - A toolkit for organization to promote inclusiveness of persons with disabilities. (PDF 1.3 MB)
      o     Guidelines for providing certain facilities in respect of persons with disabilities who are already employed in Government for efficient performance of their duties - issued by DoPT vide No.36035/3/2013-Estt.(Res) dated 31 March 2014 (PDF 160 KB)
      o       List of Posts Identified as suitable to be held by Persons with Disabilities 2021 :-
      • Gazette notification dated 04 Jan 2021 on Posts Identified to be reserved for persons with benchmark disabilities (Hindi) (PDF 12 MB
      • Gazette notification dated 04 Jan 2021 on Posts Identified to be reserved for persons with benchmark disabilities (English)  (PDF 10 MB)
      o       List of Posts Identified as suitable to be held by Persons with Disabilities 2013 :-Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, in pursuance of the provisions of Section 32 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 {1 of 1996}, had constituted an Expert Committee on 30 December, 2010 under the Chairmanship of Additional Secretary, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The Expert Committee, with the help of three sub-committees, made an in-depth study of various jobs performed in Government of India Ministries/Departments, public sector undertakings and autonomous bodies including Universities. The Sub-committees also reviewed jobs notified in 2007 and prepared a detailed list of Groups A, B, C and D posts which were identified suitable for persons with disabilities. The Expert Committee submitted its report on 24th January, 2012. The Central Government accepted the report and the list of posts identified for Persons with Disabilities has been published vide Notification No.16-15/2010-DD-III dated 29th July 2013.
          • Deptt of Disability Affairs Notification No. 16 – 15/2010-DD.III. dated 29 Jul 2013 (PDF 46 KB)
          • Post Identified for being held by Persons with Disabilities in Group 'A' (547 KB)
          • Post Identified for being held by Persons with Disabilities in Group 'B' (343 KB)
          • Post Identified for being held by Persons with Disabilities in Group 'C' (2 MB)
          • Post Identified for being held by Persons with Disabilities in Group 'D' (475 KB) 
      o       List of Posts Identified as Suitable for Persons with Disabilities - 2001 issued vide Notification No. 16-25/99-NI-1 dated 31 May 2001 (PDF 6 MB scanned image)
      o      Instructions on Reservations for Persons with Disabilities in Government Jobs 29.12.2005.(PDF 30 KB)
      o       10 Days Special Casual Leave for employees with disabilities to participate in Conferences/Seminars/Training/Workshops etc. 14 Nov 2007 [PDF 1189 KB ]

      7C.   Banking Facilities | बैंकिंग सुविधाएँ 
      o       Bankers' Guide for Customers with Special Needs and Persons with Disabilities - Indian Bank's Association (IBA) (published November 2017)

      7D.   Insurance for Persons with Disabilities

      7E.     Travel Related Guidelines and Policies यात्रा सम्बन्धी नीतियां
      o      BCAS Security Rules [External Web Link]
      7F.      Concessions & beneficial schemes| कन्सेशनस एवं लाभकारी योजनाएं
                  o     Travel Fare concessions in State Bus Transport
                  o   Travel Fare concessions in Indian Railways
                  o      Housing & Shops | आवास एवं दुकान 
                        #  Policy for Preferential Allotment of Houses/Land to Persons with Disability. (122 KB PDF)
                  o      Petrol subsidies
                  o      Travel Allowance
                  o       GST concessions in purchase of vehicles by Ministry of Heavy Industries
                        #    FAQs for GST Concession Certificate for Persons with Disabilities.
      #    Revised Guidelines dated 21 Apr 2020 & Guidelines dated 24 Oct 2019 for issue of  GST Concession Certificate for purchase of vehicles by persons with othopedic disability.
                  o       Road Tax exemption
                  o       Educational Scholarships

      7G.      Disability Certification | विकलांगता प्रमाणन
                  o      Circular dated 02.05.2020 containing "List of Identified Hospitals in New Delhi for Certification - Disability wise".

      7H.      Mobility and Transportation |  मोबिलिटी और परिवहन

       o    Driving Licenses and Registration Certificates for Persons with Disabilities | विक्लांगजनों हेतु ड्राइविंग लाइसेंस एवं वाहन पंजीकरण प्रमाणपत्र

      Notification of Ministry of Transport & Highways No. RT-11021/40/2014-MVL dated 14 June 2016 titled "Procedure for Guidelines for Grant of Driving Licences & Registration Certificates to Differently Abled Persons[Inaccessible PDF 12 MB]

       o    Parking Stickers for Persons with Disabilities | विकलांग जनों के लिए पार्किंग स्टीकर 

      Parking facility is available to physically challenged persons using motor vehicles in No Parking Area. Necessary parking sticker is issued on an application along with disability certificate to DCP/Traffic (VIP) at Help Desk, Traffic Police Headquarters, Dev Prakash Shastri Marg, Pusa, New Delhi-110012 as per the FAQs on Delhi Police Website

      8. Judgements on Disability Issues विकलांगता के मुद्दों पर अदालत के फैसले
      9A. Disability Rights Through Courts [External website] - A sister website that has detailed analysis of disability rights cases in India and beyond.