Legal & Policy Framework

This section consolidates the International Covenants on Disability, Indian Disability Laws, Guidelines and Policy Framework on Disability Inclusion, Schemes & benefits for persons with disabilities in India. 

We hope this will immensely help you in your work or for advocating disability rights. You need to click on the link to view and/or to download the google documents.

International Covenants on Disability | विकलांगता पर अंतर्राष्ट्रीय अनुबंध 

  • UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2006, (PDF version, 68 KB ) (Child Friendly Language PDF version 122 KB)   
  • Optional Protocol to UNCRPD, 2006 (PDF version 15 KB)
  • UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1990,( PDF Version 113 KB) (Child Friendly Language version 9 KB PDF)
  • The United Nations Standard Rules for the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities. [External Weblink[Adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 20, 1993]
  • UN Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illness and the Improvement of Mental Health Care. [External Weblink[Adopted by General Assembly resolution 46/119 of 17 December 1991]
  • Biwako Millenium Framework.(PDF Version  173 KB)
  • Salamanca Statement & Framework for Action 1994.(PDF version 199 KB)

Indian Laws on Disability | भारत में विकलांगता सम्बंधित कानून एवं नीतियाँ    

  • The Mental Healthcare Act 2017 notified on 07 April 2017 (HTML version on this site) (External Weblink PDF Version, Size 1271KB, 51 pages)
  • The Mental Healthcare (State Mental Health Authority) Rules, 2018 (HTML version)
  • The Mental Healthcare (Central Mental Health Authority and Mental Health Review Boards) Rules, 2018 (HTML Version on this site)
  • Rights of Persons with Disabilities  Rules 2017 notified on 15.06.2017 [External Weblink PDF Version
  • Enforcement Notification dated 19 April 2017 appointing 19 April 2017 as the date for enforcement of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 (PDF Version)
  • The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 (Act 49 of 2016) (received the assent of Hon'ble President of India on 27th Dec 2016 & notified in Gazette of India on 28th Dec 2016 ( PDF Version Size 1163 KB)  (HTML Version on this site)
  • दिव्यांगजन अधिकार अधिनियम 2016 (2016 का अधिनियम संख्यांक 49) (27 दिसंबर 2016 को   माननीय राष्ट्रपति महोदय द्वारा अनुमोदित ) ( PDF version 292 KB) 
  • The National Policy for Persons with Disabilities 2006 (English Version PDF 231 KB)

·    राष्ट्रीय विकलाँग जन नीति 2006 (Hindi Version PDF 281 KB)


 Education | शिक्षा 
o   Accessible Wash - Public Spaces and Schools: Practitioner's Manual for Making Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Accessible and Safe through improved Planning and Design (by Samarthyam) (PDF 4.57 MB)

Employment | रोज़गार 
o   Inclusiveness & Accessibility Index (2016) - A toolkit for organization to promote inclusiveness of persons with disabilities. (1.3 MB PDF)
o   List of Posts Identified as suitable to be held by Persons with Disabilities 2013 :-Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, in pursuance of the provisions of Section 32 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 {1 of 1996}, had constituted an Expert Committee on 30 December, 2010 under the Chairmanship of Additional Secretary, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The Expert Committee, with the help of three sub-committees, made an in-depth study of various jobs performed in Government of India Ministries/Departments, public sector undertakings and autonomous bodies including Universities. The Sub-committees also reviewed jobs notified in 2007 and prepared a detailed list of Groups A, B, C and D posts which were identified suitable for persons with disabilities. The Expert Committee submitted its report on 24th January, 2012. The Central Government accepted the report and the list of posts identified for Persons with Disabilities has been published vide Notification No.16-15/2010-DD-III dated 29th July 2013.
o   List of Posts Identified as Suitable for Persons with Disabilities - 2001 issued vide Notification No. 16-25/99-NI-1 dated 31 May 2001 (6 MB PDF scanned image)

Banking Facilities | बैंकिंग सुविधाएँ 
o   Bankers' Guide for Customers with Special Needs and Persons with Disabilities - Indian Bank's Association (IBA) (published November 2017)

Travel Related Guidelines and Policies | यात्रा सम्बन्धी नीतियां

o     Manual on  Access to Air Transport by Persons with Disabilities - by ICAO (PDF 189 KB)
 Concessions & beneficial schemes| कन्सेशनस एवं लाभकारी योजनाएं

o   Housing & Shops | आवास एवं दुकान 

Disability Certification | विकलांगता प्रमाणन

Mobility and Transportation |  मोबिलिटी और परिवहन

o   Driving Licences and Registration Certificates for Persons with Disabilities विक्लांगजनों हेतु ड्राइविंग लाइसेंस एवं वाहन पंजीकरण प्रमाणपत्र 
§  Notification of Ministry of Transport & Highways No. RT-11021/40/2014-MVL dated 14 June 2016 titled "Procedure for Guidelines for Grant of Driving Licences & Registration Certificates to Differently Abled Persons" 
o   Parking Stickers for Persons with Disabilities | विकलांग जनों के लिए पार्किंग स्टीकर 
§  Parking facility is available to physically challenged persons using motor vehicles in No Parking Area. Necessary parking sticker is issued on an application along with disability certificate to DCP/Traffic (VIP), Teen Murti Traffic Lines, Mother Teresa Crescent Road, New Delhi-110011, as per the FAQs on Delhi Police Website.

Indian Standards on Accessibility in Built Environment and Guidelines (Latest being on top)

·       Guidelines for Making Religious Places Accessible - Issued by the Office of the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Govt of India in partnership with Svayam - Global Centre for Inclusive Environments [PDF 51 MB] 

·       National Building Code of India 2016 (Bureau of Indian Standards, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Govt. of India, released on 15 Mar 2017) [Complete Code in Volume I and 2 (Parts 0 to 12 - all sections included) available for Sales Counters of BIS [External Weblink] @ INR 13,760/-] 

·       Harmonized Guidelines & Space Standards for Barrier Free Built Environment for Persons with Disabilities & Elderly Persons (Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India, Feb 2016) [PDF Version]

·       Model Building Byelaws 2016 (Town and Country Planning Organisation, Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India, 2016) [PDF Size 3MB] 

·       Handbook on Barrier Free & Accessibility (CPWD 2015) [PDF Version]

·       Street Design Guidelines “...for Equitable Distribution of Road Space” by UTTIPEC (Delhi Development Authority)

·       Annexure D, Special Requirements for Planning of Public Buildings meant for use of physically challenged (National Building Code 2005) [PDF 2492 KB]

·       Model Building Bye Laws, 2004 - Town and Country Planning Organisation, Min. of Urban Development, Govt of India [PDF 2814 KB]

·       Planning a Barrier Free Environment : Office of Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities 2001 [PDF  1036 KB]

·       Guidelines & Space Standards for Barrier Free Built Environment for Disabled & Elderly Persons (CPWD 1998) [PDF  1728 KB]

Indian Guidelines on Web Accessibility